A Literary Discussion in the Second Tier, published in Le Charivari, February 27, 1864

Can We be Good without a Definition of Good?

2 min readJul 31, 2021


Implementing Pain Tracing Blockchain into Organizations (1)

Many people in society may have good intentions. Yet, protests as an outpouring of goodwill, such as demonstrations and signature drives, are not always fruitful.

Nevertheless, some believe that the protest itself is meaningful and the movement can change the reality by causing the politicians to care about it. But demanding the mental strength to continue activities without feedback, aiming at too distant goals and indirect realizations, is hard. It would be difficult to guarantee that the activities do not degenerate into a protest for protest’s sake.

It is hard for sporadic good intentions to produce results unless they are connected in some way. Although, there are histories of further tragedies (Nazism, massacres in the Soviet Union, etc.) in “revolutionary movements = organizational renewal” that centralize movements from the top.

Besides national and social organizations, we also belong to companies and local communities. The same problem of difficulty in reforming such familiar organizations also exists, though on a different scale. The first question is, what is the ideal state of an organization? Revolutionary movements in the past have been disastrous by defining dreams and hopes that are inherently unwritable as “ideals” and then ostracizing those who do not follow them in internal struggles or accusing anyone who refuses to bow to its favored interpretation as “reactionary.”

The problem is that we can only have a vague idea of what is “good.” It is difficult to define what is “good” for the community affirmatively, and when we write it down, it tends to become a skeleton. So, instead of seeking to gain something positive, what if we thought of reducing the negative? We want to consider “non-positive ideals (minimal ideals)” in a way that is different from a mere “ denial,” in which the boundary is gradually limited from the outside by stating “this is wrong” each time.

This article will define a condition that an organization should satisfy as “minimal ideals” and present the idea of “pain tokens” for a concrete mechanism toward its feasibility.

Credits: Original idea and articles by Asaki NISHIKAWA, Draft written by Toshihiro FURUYA and Moya, Simultaneous editing by VECTION

This article is based on the “Blockchain and Revolution: What are the conditions under which decentralization can be a ‘revolution’?” and “r/place subjects and governance: Blockchain and interfaces that invite revolution.” We have extracted, added, and re-edited the parts describing pain tokens and PS3.